Drafting and Negotiating International Contracts

Contracts are an essential part of international business transactions. Contracts are written agreements between two or more entities that establish clear legal obligations for both parties. The drafting and negotiating of contracts requires an understanding of legal terminology, international business law, and a knowledge of specific international trade regulations, depending on the nature of the […]

Reflections on “Damages” in International Arbitration Awards

  Damages in commercial arbitration are the legal remedies a claimant can seek for a breach of contract. Damages in this context can be categorized into two broad categories – compensatory damages and punitive damages. Compensatory damages are awarded to compensate the injured claimant for losses suffered, while punitive damages are awarded to punish the […]

The Art of Successful Business Negotiation: Strategies for Contracts Legal Managers

contracts negotiations

By: Dr. Masoud Habibi   Introduction Successful business negotiation is an essential skill for contract legal managers, as it forms the foundation of productive client relationships and ensures favorable outcomes for their organizations. Negotiating contracts, whether with clients, suppliers, or partners, requires a delicate balance between assertiveness and flexibility. In this essay, we will explore […]

Enforcement of International Arbitration Awards: Conditions & Challenges

arbitration award enforcement

By: Dr. Mehrdad Mohamadi   Introduction: Enforcing international arbitration awards is essential for maintaining the integrity and effectiveness of the arbitration process. When parties enter into an arbitration agreement, they do so with the expectation that the resulting award will be binding and enforceable. Without the ability to enforce these awards, parties may be less […]

Who is an international commercial lawyer?

international commercial lawyer

An international commercial lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in helping clients conduct business across national borders. These lawyers handle a wide variety of legal matters, from mergers and acquisitions to contract disputes and international arbitration. International commercial lawyers provide legal representation on matters such as taxation, export control, corporate structuring, and consumer laws. […]

CAS Time Limits: Ensuring Fairness and Justice

Deadlines in CAS arbitration

Deadlines are extremely important in sports arbitration proceedings, as they shape the course of the proceedings, and establish the timeline of when decisions must take place in order to avoid unfairness to either party and the overall justice of the proceedings. Deadlines provide clear guidance and expectations for the parties involved, allowing them to effectively […]

IBA Rules v. Prague Rules in International Arbitration

Evidence in international arbitration

  The International Bar Association Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration and the Prague Rules on the Efficient Conduct of Proceedings in International Arbitration are two sets of rules that provide guidance on the efficient conduct of international arbitral proceedings. Although they have the same purpose, the two sets of Rules are […]

The Significance of the Scope of International Arbitration Agreements

scope of arbitration agreements

  An international arbitration agreement is a binding contract between two or more parties to provide for the resolution of disputes through arbitration rather than through court proceedings. It enables the parties to choose their own dispute resolution forum, the applicable law, and the rules that will govern the procedures. A well-drafted international arbitration agreement […]